Clarified butter is produced by melting butter and allowing milk solid and water to separate from the butter fat. It is called Ghee in India and is used extensively as an alternative to butter. Ghee has a long shelf-life and needs no refrigeration if kept in an airtight container. Ghee is widely used in Indian cuisine.
A thick liquid sweetener which is golden in colour and honey like with a rich flavour, golden syrup is very popular in European desserts. It is made by refining sugar cane and used as an alternative to honey. Since it has a heavy sweet flavour, it should be used in lesser amounts. It can also be used in the place of corn syrup. Golden syrup is sometimes referred to as light treacle and can be used as maple syrup. It should always be stored at room temperature.
It is very popularly used in desserts, frosting, pancakes, jams, jellies, candy, cookies, rice crispies, caramel snacks, ice creams, sorbets etc. It is also used to make cakes, chocolates, fudges and treacle tarts.
Vanilla essence is extracted from vanilla beans and is used to flavour several desserts and dishes. It is widely used as flavouring and vanilla ice cream is the most common flavour. It is used in baked goods, beverages, custards and even some savoury food sauces. Vanilla essence is not just used to flavour desserts but is also used in some hot beverages to add flavour like in tea, coffee or even milk. Used in various drinks like Irish cream and low fat banana shake.