Also known as Badaam, dried fruit that is very nutritious. It is used in baking and as a flavouring agent in Indian food. Almonds can be used in many forms, such as sliced (flaked, slivered), almond butter, almond milk and almond oil. These can be used in both sweet and savoury dishes.
Cashews are also known as Kaju in India. It is a popular nut (dry fruit) which can be roasted or covered with salt or chocolate. The nuts can be eaten as a cocktail snack or used in baked dishes. They are mildly sweet in flavour and packed with energy. The nuts have buttery texture and are cream white in colour. It is commonly used in Indian cuisine and is also used for garnishing different sweets or curries.
These are small rounded grape size nuts having a broad spherical base and a pointy top. The nut has an off-white creamy colour and a mildly sweet taste whereas the thin dark brown skin is mildly bitter. Hazelnuts must be refrigerated in order to be stored. They have a high fat content like most nuts and will go stale if not properly refrigerated.
You could eat them raw too but hazelnuts are best consumed after roasting them for about 10-15 minutes at around 175*C until the skins begin to flake. Some like to remove the skin and consume.
Hazelnuts are most popularly used to make flavoured chocolate pastes, most commonly found in Nutella and Feraro-Rochers. They are also used in confectionary to make praline. Hazelnut flavoured cold coffees, cappuccinos, milk shakes are very popular. Apart from these they are also used in cakes, chocolate truffles, frostings, muffins and ice-creams. Hazelnut oil is strong in its flavour and may be used as cooking oil.
Peanuts, are also known as groundnuts, moongphali, sing, can be used for direct consumption, in food preparations, for deriving oil, making peanut flour or in the preparation of peanut butter.
The seeds are crunchy, sweet and very delicious. To amplify the flavour, the seeds are often toasted. Pine nuts have a tough brown-colour coating. The seeds are popularly added as a crunchy salad topping. Though eaten raw, the seeds are usually roasted. When added to desserts, pine nuts bring out a wonderful texture and flavour to the recipe. Grounded pine nuts are used to make Italian pesto sauce.
Pine nut oil extracted from the seeds is also widely used in cooking. It is valued for its mild nutty flavour. The oil has a relatively low smoke point.
Pistachio or Pista, They are dry hard-shelled nuts used to make desserts like baklava, halwa, chocolates and ice creams. Its kernel can be eaten whole, either fresh or roasted and salted. It is often used to make pistachio salad, which includes fresh pistachios or pistachio pudding, whipped cream, and canned fruit.
Sesame seeds are also known as Til. It has nutty flavour and widely used in Indian, Chinese, Japanese and Korean cooking. With a crunchy texture and a nutty taste, they are the oldest known oilseeds. It is used as seasoning for food and to give it a crunch. They are also blended with water to make a sauce or dip or used to make butter. It can also be used in the batter to make breads, muffins and cookies. It is extensively used in Chinese cuisine and is usually sprinkled on top of various dishes as a flavour enhancer.
These seeds, being high in oil content are the main sources to produce sunflower oil. Shelled seeds have mild nutty taste, but tender texture. Most commonly consumed as a snack, sunflower seeds can also be used as garnishes or ingredients to be added in various recipes. They are most popularly consumed in roasted form and also packed in various roasted flavours. Sunflower seeds are often added to breads and other baked goods. They are often used for feeding birds and pets.